Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Peste Des Petits Ruminants

Goat Plague, Ovine Rinderpest, Plague Of Small Ruminants

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious, acute febrile viral disease of sheep and goats. It is caused by peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV), which is of the genus Morbillivirus of the Paramyxoviridae family. Infected animals develop mucopurulent nasal and ocular discharge, necrotising and erosive stomatitis, enteritis and pneumonia. It affects all ruminants, but goats are highly susceptible.

PPR is an important viral disease of goats and sheep and is prevalent in Africa and the Middle East. Outbreaks occur most frequently during the rainy season.

PPRV is shed in the secretions of infected animals, affecting other goats and sheep by direct and indirect contact. The virus can remain active in the environment for up to 36 hours.

Incubation period
The incubation period is 4 to 6 days.


Severe depression
High fever for 5 to 7 days
Oral erosions in mouth
Difficulty breathing
Profuse, often bloody, diarrhea
Watery discharges from nose, eyes and mouth
Foaming at the mouth


  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • HA
  • HI
  • RT-PCR
  • real-time PCR LAMP

Treatment Options

Treatment TypeDetails
Hyperimmune serum, intravenouslyCan reverse signs if given during the febrile stage of the disease, when the temperature is at it's highest.


  • Vaccine: Goats should be vaccinated against this disease in endemic areas.


Age Range

Goats between

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